Over the summer, I was involved in a car crash. It was *not* my fault– heck, I wasn’t even driving but riding shotgun. But it wasn’t my husband’s fault either. A guy pulling out of a parking lot was watching the traffic coming up the road, but failed to see our car sitting in the same intersection waiting to turn into the same parking lot. He ran right into us. Here was the damage:
It may not look like much, but the panels were so damaged it cost almost $9k in damages, over a month of car rental fees, and a LOT of aggravation on our part. The guy who hit us was very nice, apologized, and was concerned if we were injured. His insurance company ultimately paid for all of the damage. However– it wasn’t he who suddenly got a new part time job– that was me. I had to spend lots of time with police, insurance representatives, auto body mechanics, rental car places, you name it. If you’ve ever been in an accident, you know the headache involved. In fact, I have had 2 other accidents over the years (again, neither of which were my fault– I think I’m just a beacon for bad drivers?). One of those accidents was a 4 car accident– a driver hit my car, pushing it into the car ahead, which went into the car ahead of that. In that accident, my car was actually totaled. Fun times!
How is this relevant to your life as an architect or engineer? If you stay in the game (that is, the design field) long enough, chances are, you will, at some point, end up dealing with disgruntled clients. One of those clients may even file a lawsuit against you. Or, for that matter, you may end up getting sued by another party involved in your construction projects– one that you don’t even have a contract with.
If that happens, you too will have a new part-time job– working on your defense. Think meetings with your attorneys, calls with your insurance adjuster, unbilled time sitting for deposition, searches through all of your project emails and files, and the potential for a long jury trial (again, unbillable time for you). Sounds fun, doesn’t it? Maybe even makes you want to scream with the unfairness of it all.
The thing is, while there are certain things you can do to minimize your risks of being sued and your chances of prevailing if you are sued, even if you win, you’ve lost in time and opportunities. In a fair system, you wouldn’t face this for unfair or frivolous claims. In a fair system, I wouldn’t have to spend hours dealing with the fall out of an accident I didn’t cause. But sometimes, stuff happens.
Just like there are ways of minimizing your risk of car accidents (turn signals, watching for inattentive drivers) and reducing damage when they occur (using seat belts, driving slower), there are also ways to minimize your risk of a lawsuit and reducing your damage when they do occur.
- Have a written contract for every project, every time
- Get that contract reviewed by your insurance carrier and lawyer
- Be sure to specify what you will, and will not be doing in your scope of work (being redundant is good here!)
- Establish clear payment terms, and expectations about fees for additional services, up front.
- Have good document management systems in place, which you’ll need for if/when litigation does occur
- Be aware of warning signs that there may be a lawsuit in your future; and
- If you do get sued, don’t panic, but take some steps to help your case get off on the right foot
But remember, when all is said and done: you place your bets and roll the wheel. Sometimes, your number comes up. While these tips cannot prevent being sued by a disgruntled client, they can lessen the risk and impact. And that is *almost* as good as getting your car fixed, returning the rental to the shop, and quitting your new part time job!
Have you had to suffer through an unfair lawsuit from a disgruntled client or third party? Tips you wish you had known earlier? Concerns about your own contracts? Share in the comments below or drop me an email at firstname.lastname@example.org.